Thanks for listening to our Earth Minutes on 98.7 The FREQ, brought to you by ClearWater Conservancy and Envinity of State College:

Stop the Spotted Lanternfly

Identification, Signs & Symptoms, What to do, & video

Photo Gallery of the Spotted Lanternfly, Penn State Extension

Attend a Free workshop on April 4, hosted by Penn State Extension

Photograph by Holly Raguza, Pennsylvania Department of Agriculture

Spotted Lanternfly, Photo by Holly Raguza, PA Department of Agriculture



Composting Tips

Composting, whether it be yard clippings or food waste, is an easy step we can all take to keep more material from entering landfills. Composting is also a sensible way to improve the productivity of your garden by adding nutrients and increasing water retention of the soil. If you are considering composting, start with these simple steps. First, select the storage solution that’s right for your space. This might be a 3 foot by 3 foot wide outside area, a compost bucket that fits under your sink or a large, outdoor compost drum. Next, review a list of items that you can add to create a healthy compost mix. Fruit and vegetable scraps, coffee grounds, grass clippings, and uncoated paper products  are great for composting, but for backyard composting, avoid meats and oils that might attract outdoor pests. Once your compost has has a dark color and you can’t recognize any of the items you added, it is ready to be added back to the earth and by fortifying your garden and household plants. Over 90% of the food we don’t use ends up in a landfill. Composting is a simple to reduce our carbon footprint and contribute to healthier gardens and soils.

Garden Planning

Garden Starters Planting Chart

Seed-Starting Methods

Gardening season may seem far away, but it’s not too early to start planning for planting. In fact you can start your garden as early as mid-march if you want to start your plants from seed. Knowing when to start your seedlings depends on your region’s climate and likelihood for frost. Some crops such as broccoli and cauliflower can get started early, while tomatoes and pepper seeds can be planted indoors around mid-April. To get started, first choose seeds from plants and crops that are native to our climate by checking information on the seed packet. Next, select your potting soil or use your own compost to use in your seed tray or recycled yogurt containers with holes punched in the bottom. Then simply add sunlight and water and enjoy watching your soon-to-be garden get its start!

Leave the Leaves

Tidying up our lawns and gardens at the end of the season by raking, mowing, and blowing away leaves can be harmful to the moths, butterflies, bees, snails, spiders that are vital to the natural lifecycle of other animals and need leaves to survive. Unlike the monarch, most butterflies and moths spend winter as an egg, caterpillar, chrysalis, or adult and use leaves for winter cover. An extra thick layer of leaves is welcome protection from the elements. Second, your newly-planted perennials with tender roots benefit from this thick layer of leaves which provides additional insulation against bitter cold weather. Third, fallen leaves have all the properties and benefits of expensive wood mulch, plus their more colorful, and free! If you must keep your lawn clear of leaves – try opting for raking or using a leaf vacuum to capture whole leaves and placing them in a leaf pile, your compost pile, or keep them in your garden bed. But if at all possible this year, tell your friends your leaving the leaves to protect our moths, butterflies and bees.

Going Solar:

Solar power is the conversion of energy from sunlight into electricity. That electricity flows into your home where you are using energy, or onto the utility grid for credit when you are not using energy. The cost to go solar has dropped dramatically over the past few years, especially considering the 30% federal tax credit doesn’t hurt either.  Local solar companies such as Envinity can help you determine if you have a good solar resource and calculate project economics at no cost. Going solar is typically the final step after you have worked to increase the energy efficiency of your home. To learn more about how solar power can work for you, visit or call Envinity at 814.231.3927

Home Energy Audit:

Information about hiring a professional or doing a DIY home energy audit

Invasive vs. Native Plants:

 List of native plant providers

Xerces Society: Plant lists and pollinator protection information

Native plant replacements for your invasives

Build Your Own Rain Barrel:


Reduce Holiday Waste:

10 tips for going Zero Waste over the holidays

Spring Creek Watershed:

 Spring Creek Watershed Association

Get Outside in Cold Weather:

Spring Creek Canyon Trail

Musser Gap Trail

Barrens to Bald Eagle Wildlife Corridor

The Barrens to Bald Eagle Wildlife Corridor is one of the last remaining natural connections allowing free passage of wildlife between State Game Lands 176 and Bald Eagle Mountain. The corridor is forever protected through a joint public/private partnership between ClearWater Conservancy, Halfmoon Township Open Space Preservation Program, County Planning and Community Development Office, and private donors. The Scotia Barrens and Bald Eagle Mountain are both designated “Important Bird Areas” and “Important Mammal Areas” because they provide large, unique, or critical habitat for many bird and mammal species. Residential development threatens to isolate these two natural land masses from each other as well as the wildlife populations they support. The wildlife corridor provides a natural connection between two critical habitats, forever ensuring safe passage.

Directions to Bald Eagle Wildlife Corridor: From State College: Take US 322 West to SR 550 (Buffalo Run Road) Turn left onto SR 550 Travel 2.9 miles to Saddle Ridge Road on the left Travel Saddle Ridge Road taking first right onto Harness Downs Road Follow Harness Downs Road to its end and the parking area. The hiking trail begins in the extreme left-hand corner of the parking lot. Please note: speed limit is 25 mph on Saddle Ridge and Harness Downs Roads.’ Please be a thoughtful visitor and strictly obey the speed limit.

From Stormstown: Travel SR 550 through Stormstown, past church on Right just past Stormstown Take first Right past church onto Saddle Ridge Rd. (do not take farm lane) Travel Saddle Ridge Rd. taking first Right onto Harness Downs Rd. Follow Harness Downs Rd. to its end and the parking area. The hiking trail begins in the extreme left-hand corner of the parking lot. Please note: speed limit is 25 mph on Saddle Ridge and Harness Downs Roads! Please be a thoughtful visitor and strictly obey the speed limit.